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Constructive English programme content

Constructive English is the name that the school uses for the direct teaching of parts of speech, sentence analysis, punctuation and correct usage. The programme is cyclic. Each year new concepts are taught and others revisited and extended. The content of Constructive English lessons feeds directly into written expression where the new knowledge is put to use.

The expectation is that written language will be increasingly correct, expressive and complex.

See also Constructive English learning objectives

The following is the programme content to be expected at each class level. Note that in Years 1 - 3, the content is largely taught as part of the programme in writing, while in Year 4 - 8 there will be separate lessons of Constructive English as well as reference to this content within Written Expression.

Years 1 - 3

Punctuation
Capital letters for proper nouns. Edit sentences for full stops, capital letters, question marks and exclamation marks
Sentence Structure
Recognition of sentences.
Parts of Speech
Recognition of common and proper nouns. Recognise compound words. Maintain past, present or future tense.
Usage
Place a list of words in correct alphabetical order.

Year 4

Punctuation
Capital letters for proper nouns. Edit sentences for full stops, capital letters, question marks and exclamation marks. Apply a comma in a list form.
Sentence Structure
Rewrite words in correct order in a sentence.
Parts of Speech
Difference between a common and proper noun. Identify verbs and adjectives in a sentence. Recognise compound words. Identify if a simple sentence is in the past or present tense.
Usage
Identify synonyms and antonyms. Place a list of words in correct alphabetical order.

Year 5

Punctuation
Use speech marks in simple sentences Use apostrophes to show single possession and contractions.
Sentence Structure
Discern between phrases and sentences statements and questions.
Parts of Speech
Recognise and use common, proper, collective nouns, pronouns, adverbs, unusual verbs, conjunctions, compound words. Recognise and use present, past and future tenses.
Usage
Use correctly - simple misused words, synonyms, antonyms, homophones, singular, plural. Add correct simple prefixes and suffixes to root words.

Year 6

Punctuation
Use commas for series and pauses. Use apostrophes of possession and contraction. Use exclamation marks. Use direct speech in simple sentences.
Sentence Structure
Join sentences using conjunctions and relative pronouns. Insert adverbial phrases. Invert sentences.
Parts of Speech
Build common nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs from root words. Recognise adverbs for when, where, how. Use appropriate adjectives and adverbs.
Usage
Replace overused words with synonyms. Use simple past and past participles correctly.

Year 7

 
Punctuation
Use capital letters for titles, deities. Correctly punctuate direct speech in complex sentences. Use apostrophe of possession in single, collective and plural nouns.
Sentence Structure
Build complex sentences using adjectival and adverbial phrases. Use conjunctions to begin sentences. Use appropriate relative pronouns.
Parts of Speech
Identify and use appropriate collective nouns. Identify personal, possessive & relative pronouns, simple and compound verbs and prepositions. Form irregular nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs from other parts of speech. Form and use comparatives and superlatives.
Usage
Construct irregular and unusual gender. Correctly apply prefixes and suffixes to change meaning.

Year 8

 
Punctuation
Edit paragraphs for all punctuation. Correctly punctuate conversations. Convert direct to indirect speech. Convert indirect to direct speech.
Sentence Structure
Distinguish between adjectival, adverbial and participial phrases. Identify subject / predicate in complex sentences.
Parts of Speech
Identify abstract nouns , auxiliary verbs, past and present participles. Recognise adverbs used as modifiers. Use words as more than one part of speech. Use parsing of sentences to identify all parts of speech.
Usage
Construct and use irregular and unusual homophones, synonyms, antonyms, plurals, participles. Identify tense: past, present, future.